Who are the Taliban and what is their history?
KABUL: The Taliban entered the Capital city of Afghanistan Kabul on Sunday after the fastest advance in the past week and the withdrawal of Afghan forces from many districts.
Taliban’s history and ideology are here with some key facts:
In the Language of Pashto, The meaning of Taliban is “students” who was emerged in year of 1994 from the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. After the Soviet withdrawal they were only one of the Afghan militant groups who was fighting for control of the country. The many people of the Taliban were mujahedeen who, with the help of US forced, Soviet forces to flee Afghanistan in the 1980s.
The founder and leader of the Taliban was Mullah Mohammad Omar, who went into hiding after the fall of the Taliban government
First two years of its emergence in 1994, The Taliban gained complete control of most parts of the country, Including Kabul. In 1996, he announced the establishment of the Khalifa with the interpretation of Islamic law, while other Mujahedeen groups fighting for power moved to the north of the country and then remained confined there.
After the al Qaeda attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, US forces, the Northern Alliance and other anti-Taliban fighters entered Kabul in November 2001 under the guise of heavy with US airstrikes. Then Taliban was hid in the remote areas, they began start a 20-year long war against the Afghan government and also its Western allies.
The founder and leader of the Taliban was Mullah Mohammad Omar, after the fall of Taliban government he went into hiding, Mullah Omar’s whereabouts were so secret that his son confirmed his death in 2013, after the two years of his death.
During the power of their five years, the Taliban enforced strict Sharia law. The first and basically stopped women from working and they were not allowed to leave their homes in the absence of a male guardian.
Public executions and flogging were common during the Taliban era
In the power of Taliban Public executions and floggings were commonplace during his time, Western films, dramas, songs and books were completely banned. Opponents and Western nations accuse the Taliban of wanting to return to the old way of governing in areas under their control, but the Taliban deny the allegations.
However, the Taliban said that they wanted a genuine Islamic system earlier this year in Afghanistan that would give women and minorities their rights in accordance with cultural traditions and religious law.
Taliban government formed in the 1990s.Only four countries, including Pakistan, recognized.
The United States and the United Nations have imposed sanctions on the Taliban
While the majority of other countries, together with the United Nations, declared the ruling group in the Northern provinces of Kabul entitled to govern. The United States and the United Nations imposed sanctions on the Taliban, and most countries showed little interest in recognizing the Taliban government diplomatically.
Earlier this month, US Secretary of State Anthony Blankenship said that if the Taliban took power and perpetrated atrocities there, Afghanistan was in danger of becoming a highly unpopular state in the world.
However, other countries, such as China, have cautiously indicated that they can recognize the Taliban as a legitimate government.